TSM 6.2 Implementation and Administration Training Day 3


Eventually I found something neat in TSM on the third day, it is the TSM for VE (Virtual Environment).

Unit 7: Customizing the Tivoli Storage Manager database and recovery log

Lesson 1:  Database and recovery log functions and considerations

Database and recovery log

– Server uses database to manage information about client files
– Recovery log ensure consistency and availability of the database

Information stored in the database

client nodes and administrators/ policies and schedules/ server settings/ location of clients on the server storage/ directory structure/ server operations

Database overview

DB2 database format advantages

Recovery log

– Active log: the transactions have not been committed
– Active log mirror (optional)
– Archive log
– Archive failover log (optional)

Recovery log usage

Keep mirror logs on a separate physical device

Transactions

the unit of work exchanged between server and client

MAX 65,000 objects in one transaction

Monitoring the database and recovery log

query dbspace
query log
dsmserv display log

Lesson 2: TSM database and log space

Managing database space

Database and recovery log sizing

– Database: MIN 2.2 GB, Max 1 TB (5.5), 2 TB (6.2), 4 TB (6.3)
– Active log: MIN 2 GB, MAX 128 GB (recommended to use 120 GB), default 16 GB
– Archive log: 3-4 times of the active log, and only full backups will clear the archive log

Database space usage

determined by the following factors:
– the numbers of the client files to be stored
– how many versions of backed up files are kept
– whether using caching

each version of a file: 400 – 600 bytes
each cached of a file: 100 – 200 bytes
Overhead additional 50%

Estimation: 1 TB of server storage, the DB will be between 10 to 50 GB

Enabling cache

caching is disable by default

Increasing the size of the database

extend dbspace e:\tsm_db\dbs4 (the directory must be empty and accessible to the use ID of the DB manager)

Increasing the size of the active log

Update ACTIVELOGSIZE in dsmserv.opt file:
activelogsize 122880

ACTIVELOGDIR new active log folder

The changes will take effect after restarting the server

Lesson 3: Database options

Server options

– ACTIVELOGDIR
– ACTIVELOGSIZE
– ARCHLOGDIR
– ARCHFAILLOGDIR
– MIRRORLOGDIR
– DBMEMPERCENT (if not defined, the default is 70-80%)

Data transfer options

MOVEBATCHSIZE
– MOVESIZETHRESH
– TXNGROUPMAX

Unit 8: Client configuration

Lesson 1: Client interfaces

3 interfaces

Backup-archive GUI

dsm

Web client interface

http://x.x.x.x:1581

Backup-archive command line

C:\program files\Tivoli\TSM\baclient\dsmc

Utilities menu commands

Lesson 2: Administrative control of access

Registration

register node nodename password userid=none

Password management

set passexp days node=nodename (by default 90 days)
set invalidpwlimit number_of_attempts (by default 0)
set minpwlength number_of_characters (by default 0)

Prevent client nodes from accessing the server

lock/ unlock node nodename

Backup operators group

Backup operators
Storage administrators

Lesson 3: Managing client options

Edit dsm.opt file or define client preference in BA GUI

Configuring client options

the option file is read from bottom up, which means the bottom ones have higher priority

Configuring client access to the server

– TCPPORT (default 1500)
– TCPSERVERADDRESS
– COMMMETHOD (tcpip/ tcpip v6/ …)
– NODENAME

The PASSWORDACCESS GENERATE option

to allow the use of the web client

Additional options

some options are not available in the graphical options editor

Precedence of client options

The DOMAIN option

the DOMAIN option specifies what you want to include for an incremental backup

In client option file: DOMAIN C: D: E:
From the command line: dsmc incremental –domain=”G: H:”

dsmc incremental –domain=”ALL-LOCAL –e:” (all local drive except e: drive)

Domain for backup

Lesson 4: Client performance and options

Client options for configuring and improving performance

TXNBYTELIMT option specifies the number of kilobytes that the client program buffers before it sends a transaction to the server

Refer TSM Performance Manual for more details

Setting the TXNGROUPMAX server option

TXNGROUPMAX indicates the maximum number of logical files (client files) that a client can send to the server in a single transaction. The default is 4096 files.

Configuring error logging options

ERRORLOGNAME
– ERRORLOGRETENTION
– ERRORLOGMAX

unless you specify QUIET, messages will display during the process

Viewing the DSMSCHED.LOG file

dsmsched.log file keeps the schedule logs

Lesson 5: Include-exclude processing

Accessing the include-exclude list

Include-exclude processing order

Read list from bottom up

Exclude directories from backup

TSM BA client builds an internal traverse tree before performing a backup

EXCLUDE.DIR excludes a directory structure from the traverse tree

Client compression, encryption, and adaptive subfile backup processing

include.compression
include.encrypt
include.subfile

Files to be included or excluded from backup

use INCLUDE statement is the client option file to assign a management class for a file or file group

Wild cards and special characters

image

Lesson 6: Client option sets

Best practice: Use client option sets to set option for groups of client

– define cloptset
– define clientopt
– register node / update node

Defining client option sets

define clientopt prodbackup inclexcl “include d:\plans” seqnumber=20

The FORCE option

Use FORCE to define whether a client node can overwrite an option value (default is NO)

define clientopt prodbackup subfilebackup no force=yes

Copy, query, delete or update a client option set

COPY CLOPTSET prodbackup newcloptset
QUERY CLOPTSET prodbackup
DELETE CLOPTSET prodbackup
UPDATE CLOPTSET prodbackup (change description and sequence option)

Lesson 7: Deleting backup files

Authority to delete a backup file

A client node that has been authorized can also delete backup data

Lesson 8: Encryption and security

Client data encryption

include.encrypt option is the only way to enable encryption on the client

Encryption key

– encryptkey save
– encryptkey prompt
– encryptkey generate

Secure Sockets Layer

SSL provides another level of protection beyond passwords

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s